Proteins from ultra filtered milk serum (whey proteins): they have a high biological value (104) and a great essential amino acid percentage; they act like immunostimulants and keep high glutathione values (an important intracellular antioxidant). They are also able to support muscle and connective reconstruction processes and keep nitrogen balance normal.
Casein: its biological value is lower than the whey proteins’ (77) and its digestion is slower as well as its amino acids bioavailability. This phenomenon is firstly responsible for its anticatabolic action and its slower and more lasting amino acids bioavailability.
Glutamine: it’s an amino acid that represents the main source of energy for enterocytes and immunocytes. Using with L-glutamine or other foods containing L-glutamine enhances glutathione syntesis (tripeptide made up of glycine, cysteine and glutamine) and therefore the whey proteins immunostimulant action. Furthermore, L-glutamine is able to enhance several functional parameters of the immune system.
Arginine: it’s an amino acid which is present in all living things proteins. It’s synthetised by the body in normal conditions and its deficiency is rare (patients affected by rare genetic disorders, traumas and burns). Other than being essential to proteins synthesis, it is useful in detoxification process of ammonia created during the nitrogen catabolism (contained in amino acids through the urea formation). Its integration may exert antiatherogenic, antioxidant and immunomodulating actions.
Evening primrose oil: extracted from the Oenothera biennis plant seeds; it is particularly rich in gamma-linoleic acid (omega 6 series), polyunsaturated fat that exerts an antinflammatory and antithrombotic action. The essential fatty acids are important structural components of cell membranes, serve as precursors to bioactive lipid mediators, and provide a source of energy. Just like hormones, eicosanoids regulate several fundamental physiological functions such as the tone of vascular wall and the haematic fluidity, the nervous system devolopment and functionality, the correct thyroid function. They also keep the skin soft and flexible and regulate the immune system activity and the inflammatory reactions.
MCT (Medium Chain Triglicerides) fatty acids or medium chain triglycerides (6 to 12 carbon atoms) are very efficiently converted into fuel for immediate use by organs and muscles. They inhibit inflammatory cytokines production and do not affect LDL levels. MCT also make vitamin E more bioavailable,
Vitamins B2, B6 and B12, C, PP and H, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, manganese, calcium, copper, iodine and iron contribute to the normal energetic metabolism.
Iron, copper, selenium, zinc, vitamins A, B6, D and folic acid contribute to the normal function of the immune system.
Vitamins B2, B6, B12 and C, folic acid and iron help reducing fatigue and weariness.
Selenium, zinc, vitamins C and E help protect cells from oxidative stress.
Vitamins B1, B2, B6, PP and H, potassium, iodine and copper contribute to the normal functioning of the nervous system.
Calcium and potassium contribute to the normal muscular function.
Finally, iron contributes to the normal oxygen transportation through the body.
PVS34 is particularly recommended in the following cases:
- Post-surgical or post-illness recovery, when the body is enfeebled and/or immunodepressed
- In case of long bed rest period
- In elderly patients particularly at risk of “pathological” anorexia caused by many physical, psychic, enviromental and socio-economic factors.
- In cases of eating disorders, starvation, malnutrition
- In bariatric and oncologic patients
The product can also be used for enteral nutrition.
Package: 12 sachets
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